Potentially Land Use Pattern Contributing Pollution Source Towards Water Quality: A Case Study of UTM River

Ang Kean Hua

UTM River water quality detected decreased due to human activities in land used development. This research study carried out to determine the status of water quality and investigate possibilities pollutant sources that contribute contamination into UTM River. 7 sampling stations cover upstream river, middle-stream river, and downstream river that test on 6 physico-chemistry parameter namely DO, pH, BOD, COD, SS, and NH3N. River water are analyzed based on APHA 2005 that divided into two categories, in-situ or onsite analysis for DO and pH, and ex-situ or laboratory analysis for BOD, COD, SS and NH3N. Result indicates UTM River is majority in class 1 and class 2. However, uncontrolled and unmanageable of rapid development in land used activities will possibility and probability to cause river water pollution to increase into class 3 and class 4. Therefore, investigation towards possibilities of pollutant sources that contribute contamination into UTM River through land used activity are detected namely residential activity, agricultural activity (small scale), road and bridges construction activity, building construction activity, and sedimentation activity. Hence, human should respect, protect and responsible towards river water quality from being destructed through pollution that may destroy the environmental-nature as a whole.

water quality, land used development, uncontrolled, unmanageable


 1. APHA (2005). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21st ed. Washington: American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation.

2. Burton Jr, G. A., & Pitt, R. (2001). Stormwater effects handbook: A toolbox for watershed managers, scientists, and engineers. CRC Press.

3. Department of Environment (DOE) Malaysia (2012). Malaysia Environmental Quality Report 2012.

4. Hill, M.K. (1997). Understanding Environmental Pollution. 1st Edition: Cambridge University Press, 316pp.

5. Hua, A. K., & Kusin, F. M. (2015). Applied GIS in Assessment Water Quality Modeling in the Malacca River. Case Study: Introduction to Research Study. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology, 1(3), 70-74.

6. Hua, A.K. (2015). Public Perception in Water Resources Development Case Study: Malacca River. International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies. 2(2), 78-86.

7. Hua, A. K., & Marsuki, M. Z. (2014). Public perception towards environmental awareness. Case study: Malacca River. International Journal of Academic Research in Environment and Geography, 1(2), 53-61.

8. Lazarus, R.J. (1978). The Clean Water Act and Related Developments in The Federal Water Pollution Control Program During 1977 - Nonpoint Sources. 176p. Retrieved from http://www.law.harvard.edu/faculty/rlazarus/docs/aricles/Lazarus_Clean_Water_Act_1981.pdf

9. Salam, A., & Mahmood, J. A. (1988). Studies on physicochemical parameters of river system in Chitral, Pakistan. In PJ Zool. Abstract, Series (No. 18).

10. Samsubaha, M.I. (2009). Projek Pembinaan di Kampus UTM dan Kesannya Kepada Kualiti Air Sungai. Tesis; Sarjana Muda Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.